The Impact of Exposure to Mass Media Campaigns and Social Support on Levels and Trends of HIV Related Stigma and Discrimination in Nigeria: Tools for Enhancing effective HIV Prevention Programmes. Fakolade, R., Adebayo, S., Anyanti, J., & Ankomah, A. (2010) The Impact of Exposure to Mass Media Campaigns and Social Support on Levels and Trends of HIV Related Stigma and Discrimination in Nigeria: Tools for Enhancing effective HIV Prevention Programmes. Journal of Biosocial Science,42(3), 395-407. doi:10.1017/S0021932009990538
ABSTRACT; People living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHAs) often face stigma and discrimination, especially in developing countries. HIV-related stigma is expressed through social ostracism, personal rejection, direct and indirect discrimination, and denial from families and friends. Consequently, it is associated with reduced adoption of preventive and care behaviours, including condom use, seeking for HIV test and care-seeking behaviour subsequent to diagnosis. Ignorance about the epidemiology of the disease on modes of transmission and prevention aggravates HIV-related stigma in Nigeria. Behaviour change communication activities through mass media have been shown to be an effective approach in improving people’s knowledge about the disease. This paper monitors trends in the level of accepting attitudes towards PLWHAs in Nigeria between 2003 and 2007. It also evaluates the impact of exposure to mass media and social support on the levels of accepting attitudes towards PLWHAs. A significant and positive trend was evident between 2003 and 2007 (p<0.0001). Furthermore, exposure to mass media communications on HIV and AIDS issues and social support were significantly related to the reduced stigma and discrimination against PLWHAs (p<0.0001)
Understanding self-appraisal of HIV-infection risk among young adults in Nigeria: evidence from a national survey. Samson Babatunde Adebayo, Jennifer Anyanti, Augustine Ankomah, Godpower Omoregie & Fatima Mamman-Daura (2010) Understanding self-appraisal of HIV-infection risk among young adults in Nigeria: evidence from a national survey, African Journal of AIDS Research, 9:1, 51-61, DOI: 10.2989/16085906.2010.484526
Abstract: A major component of HIV prevention is to encourage individuals to appreciate their personal risk of contracting the virus with the aim of encouraging them to take steps to reduce the risks. This article addresses the accuracy of an individual’s risk assessment by matching this with individual’s reported risk behaviours in order to assess possible congruence. Although the relationship between risk perception and risk behaviours has been studied by previous authors using cross-sectional studies, this has not been extensively studied using a large nationally representative data set, such as in Nigeria. In our attempt to address this, we classified HIV-risk behaviour into low-risk and high-risk behaviour. We considered both descriptive and inferential approaches in our analyses. The findings were triangulated with qualitative studies using focus group discussions conducted among members of the target group in Nigeria. Dependence of risk perception on some selected background characteristics, HIV/AIDS-knowledge indicators, experience of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), as well as exposure to the Society for Family Health (SFH) radio campaigns in Nigeria were investigated through multiple logistic regression models. Among the respondents with risk behaviours, being single, Christian, male, and listening to the SFH radio campaigns were associated with a higher perception of risk of contracting HIV.
An evaluation of a national intervention to improve the postabortion care content of midwifery education in Nigeria. Akiode A, Fetters T, Daroda R, Okeke B, Oji E. An evaluation of a national intervention to improve the postabortion care content of midwifery education in Nigeria. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010;110(2):186-190. doi:10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.05.003